Autism Facts and Figures

What is Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex neurological conditions—Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder and others
  • Every person with ASD is unique, just like all other humans
    • Some are very smart and have exceptional abilities - music, math, art, etc.
    • Some have significant disabilities and are not able to live independently
  • Common issues for people with ASD
    • Typically impacts a person’s social interaction, communication, and cognitive function
    • Sensitivities to sound, touch, smell, and light
    • Difficulties with attention, leisure or play activities
    • Problems with sleeping, digestion, allergies and asthma
    • Often exhibit repetitive behaviors
  • Early diagnosis and intervention with treatment and proven behavioral therapies can significantly improve the lives of people with ASD and their families
Prevalence - How common is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
  • ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups
  • ASD affects 1-2% of the population
  • 1 in 68 people in the US have ASD
    • 1 in 42 for boys - 4.5 times more common than with girls
    • 1 in 189 for girls
  • ASD services cost U.S. citizens over $235 billion annually
  • Education for a student with ASD costs substantially more than someone without ASD
  • Children with ASD typically have significantly higher medical expenses
  • Intensive behavioral interventions for children with ASD can cost $40-60,000/year
  • Cost of care for people with ASD can be significantly reduced with early diagnosis, intervention and treatment
  • Less than 1/3 of people with ASD have a paying job
  • Less than 1/6 have full-time jobs
  • Less than 1/6 have part-time jobs
  • 3/4 of those who are unemployed would like to have a job

* Information provided on this sheet was obtained from multiple internet sources - the Autism Society, Autism Speaks, the CDC, the National Autism Association, webMD, and others.